A central bank digital currency (CBDC) uses an electronic record or digital token to represent the virtual form of a fiat currency of a particular nation (or region). A CBDC is centralised; it is issued and regulated by the competent monetary authority of the country.

We are working with DE LA RUE and R3 – CORDA FOUNDATION Along with many other organisation and Central Banks around the world.


CountryName (abbreviation)Foundation (printing)Government affiliationRef
 AlgeriaHôtel des Monnaies1964Bank of Algeria[1]
 ArgentinaCasa de Moneda de la República Argentina (CDM-A)1875 (1899)Ministry of the Treasury[1]
 AustraliaNote Printing Australia (NPA)1913Reserve Bank of Australia[1]
 AustriaOesterreichische Banknoten- und Sicherheitsdruck GmbH (OeBS)1816 (1925)Oesterreichische Nationalbank[1]
 BangladeshThe Security Printing Corporation (Bangladesh) Ltd. (SPCBL)1988Bangladesh Bank[1]
 BelgiumL’imprimerie de la Banque nationale de Belgique1850National Bank of Belgium[1]
 BrazilCasa da Moeda do Brasil (CMB)1694 (1969)Ministry of Economy[1]
 BulgariaBNB Printing Works2001National Bank of Bulgaria[Note 1][1]
 CambodiaPrinting House DepartmentNational Bank of Cambodia[1]
 CanadaCanadian Bank Note Company (CBNC)1897None (Privately held company)[1]
 ChileLa Casa de Moneda de Chile (CMCh)1743 (1927)CORFO[1]
 ChinaChina Banknote Printing and Minting Corporation (CBPMC)1908People’s Bank of China[1]
 ColombiaImprenta de Billetes1959Bank of the Republic[1]
 CubaImpresos de Seguridad Cuba (IdSC)Government of Cuba[1]
 Czech RepublicStatni Tiskarna Cenin, Praha (STC)1928Ministry of Finance[1]
 DR CongoHotel des Monnaies (RDC)1987Central Bank of the Congo[1]
 DenmarkBanknote Printing Works1818 (1945)Danmarks Nationalbank[1]
 EgyptBanknote Printing Press1968Central Bank of Egypt[1]
 GermanyBundesdruckerei GmbH1763 (1851/1879)Federal Ministry of Finance[1]
 GermanyGiesecke+Devrient GmbH (G+D)1852None (Privately held company)[1]
 GreeceIdryma Trapezis tis Ellados1941Bank of Greece[1]
 FranceImprimerie de la Banque de France – Chamalières1918Bank of France[1]
 FranceOberthur Fiduciaire1842 (1940)None (Privately held company)[1]
 Hong KongHong Kong Note Printing Limited (HKNPL)1984Government of Hong Kong[Note 2][1]
 HungaryPénzjegynyomda Zrt.1922 (1925)Hungarian National Bank[1]
 IndiaSecurity Printing & Minting Corporation of India Limited (SPMCIL)1928Ministry of Finance[1]
 IndiaBharatiya Reserve Bank Note Mudran (BRBNMPL)1995Reserve Bank of India[1]
 IndonesiaPerum Percetakan Uang R.I. Imp (PNRI)1971State Owned Enterprises Ministry[1]
 IndonesiaPura Group Total Security System (TSS)1908 (1970)None (Privately held company)[1]
 IranSecurity Printing and Minting Organization (SPMO)1877 (1983)Central Bank of Iran[1]
 IrelandCurrency Centre1978Central Bank of Ireland[1]
 ItalyOfficina Carte Valori (OCV)1928Bank of Italy[1]
 JapanNational Printing Bureau (NPB)1877Government of Japan[1]
 KazakhstanBanknote Factory (BFNBK)1995National Bank of Kazakhstan[Note 3][1]
 KenyaDe La Rue Kenya EPZ LimitedThe National Treasury[Note 4][2]
 LaosPrinting HouseBank of the Lao P.D.R.[1]
 MaltaDe La Rue Currency & Security Print Ltd.1979None (Privately held company)[Note 5][3]
 MaltaCrane Currency Malta Ltd.2017 (2018)None (Privately held company)[Note 6][4]
 MexicoFábrica de Billetes del Banco de México1969Bank of Mexico[1]
 MoroccoDar As Sikkah1987Bank Al-Maghrib[1]
 MyanmarSecurity Printing Works Factory – Wazi (SPW)1972Central Bank of Myanmar[Note 7][1]
 NetherlandsRoyal Joh. Enschedé1703 (1814)None (Privately held company)[1]
 NigeriaNigerian Security Printing and Minting Company Limited (NSPMC)1963Central Bank of Nigeria[Note 3][1]
 PakistanPakistan Security Printing Corporation (PSPC)1949State Bank of Pakistan[1]
 PhilippinesBanknotes and Securities Printing Department (BSPD)1978Bangko Sentral ng Pilipinas[1]
 PolandPolska Wytwórnia Papierów Wartociowych S.A. (PWPW)1919Ministry of Interior and Administration[1]
 PortugalImprensa Nacional-Casa da Moeda (INCM)1972Banco de Portugal[1]
 PortugalValora S.A. (VSA)1999Banco de Portugal[Note 3][1]
 RomaniaImprimeria Bancii Nationale a Romaniei (NBR)1896National Bank of Romania[1]
 RussiaJSC Goznak1818Ministry of Finance[1]
 SerbiaZavod za izradu novčanica i kovanog novca – Topčider (ZIN)1929National Bank of Serbia[1]
 South AfricaSouth African Bank Note Company (SABN)1961South African Reserve Bank[Note 8][1]
 South KoreaKorea Minting and Security Printing Corporation (KOMSKO)1951Government of South Korea[1]
 SpainFábrica Nacional de Moneda y Timbre (FNMT)1893 (1940)Ministry of Economy[1]
 Sri LankaDe La Rue Lanka Currency & Security Print (Pvt.) Ltd.1986 (1987)Government of Sri Lanka[Note 9][5]
 SudanSudan Currency Printing Press (SCPP)1994None (Privately held company)[1]
 SwedenCrane AB1755None (Privately held company)[Note 10]
  SwitzerlandOrell Füssli Security Printing Ltd. (OFS)1519 (1911)None (Privately held company)[1]
 ThailandNote Printing Works1969Bank of Thailand[1]
 TaiwanCentral Engraving and Printing Plant (CEPP)1941Central Bank of China[1]
 TurkeyBanknot Matbaasi1955Merkez Bankası[1]
 UAEOumolat Security Printing2017Emirates Investment Authority[1]
 UkraineNBU Banknote Printing and Minting Works1994National Bank of Ukraine[1]
 United KingdomDe La Rue plc1813 (1860)None (Privately held company)[1]
 United StatesCrane Currency1770 (1806)None (Privately held company)[1]
 United StatesBureau of Engraving and Printing (BEP)1862 (1877)Department of the Treasury[1]
 UzbekistanDavlat Belgisi1995Central Bank of Uzbekistan[1]
 VenezuelaCasa de la Moneda de Venezuela (CMV)1802 (1999)Banco Central de Venezuela[1]
 VietnamNational Banknote Printing Plant (NBPP)1946State Bank of Vietnam[1]
 ZimbabweFidelity Printers and Refinery (FPR)1966Reserve Bank of Zimbabwe[Note 7][1]

Historic and defunct printers[edit]

CountryNameYear of startYear of end
 ArgentinaCompañía de Valores Sudamericana19512013[Note 11]
 CanadaThe British American Bank Note Company18661956
 FinlandSetec Oy19992005[6]
 United KingdomPerkins Bacon18101935
 United KingdomHarrison and Sons17501997[Note 12]
 United KingdomWaterlow and Sons18102009[Note 12]
 United KingdomBradbury Wilkinson and Company18561990[Note 12]
 United StatesNew York Bank Note Company1877
 United StatesHomer Lee Bank Note Company1891[Note 13]
 United StatesAmerican Bank Note Company1795[Note 14]
 United StatesHamilton Bank Note Company